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Carlton le Willows Academy

Nothing but the best

Character, Resilience & Wellbeing

Head of Department: Mr Tomlinson (

Character, Resilience & Wellbeing, incorporates Citizenship and Personal, Social, Health and Economic Education (PSHE) and is taught at Carlton le Willows Academy from Years 7-9.

KS3: Citizenship

KS3: Citizenship

A high quality citizenship education helps provide students with knowledge, skills and understanding to prepare them to play a full and active part in society. In particular, citizenship education should foster students’ keen awareness and understanding of democratic government and how laws are made and upheld.

Teaching citizenship will equip students with the skills and knowledge to explore political and social issues critically, to weigh evidence, debate and make reasoned arguments. It should also prepare students to take their place in society as responsible citizens, manage their money well and make sound financial decisions.

Students are taught about the democratic government in the UK, including the roles of citizens, Parliament and the monarchy; about the operation of Parliament including voting, elections and the role of the political parties; the justice system, including the role of the police and the courts; the roles played by pubic institutions and voluntary groups and about money, including the importance and practice of budgeting and managing risk.



All students in Years 7, 8 and 9 (often through the use of external agencies) are taught:

  • Drug & Alcohol Education
  • Financial Education
  • Sex and Relationships Education, including about puberty
  • The importance of physical activity and diet for a healthy lifestyle

Carlton le Willows is privileged to liaise with, and often host, many outside providers such as Equate, Tackling Threats to Emerging Children, Pintsize Theatre, Shelter, SharedEd, Yolo Road Safety and Prevent. Many of these providers deliver interactive workshops to our students throughout the academic year.



What is Resilience?

Resilience describes someone who works well in a team and sticks to a task until it is finished: who is able to bounce back from life’s setbacks so they can achieve their goals. It is a mixture of well-being, self-control, optimism and determination; skills that can set students up for success at school so they can flourish in later life.

Can resilience be taught?

The answer, according to people with a growth mindset, is definitely ‘yes’. They see their qualities as things that can be developed through their dedication and effort.

Why do we teach resilience?

At Carlton le Willows we place education the whole child at the heart of the curriculum. We deliver resilience in Year 7 because by teaching resilience skills early, students can learn habits that help them get the most out of any given task as they progress through school.

The UK Resilience Programme (the UK arm of the Penn Resiliency Program) provides the right approach for our students. The skills students learn on the programme help them recognise and acknowledge their own strengths and vulnerabilities and as a result become more proactive in their learning. We also believe that 11-year-olds are more able to manage themselves and so make a smoother transition into secondary school. Our students learn the core abilities that comprise resilience.

Core resilience abilities

  1. Emotional Awareness – identify emotions in self and others, express emotions in appropriate context, control and regulate emotions, build positive emotion
  2. Impulse Control – control behaviour to achieve goals, delay gratification, gather more thinking prior to taking action (when appropriate)
  3. Optimistic Thinking – focus on the positive, identify what is controllable, believe in good outcomes, remain wed to reality
  4. Flexible and Accurate Thinking – think flexibly and accurately about causes and implications of adversities, broaden perspective
  5. Self-efficacy – know one’s own strengths and weaknesses, have confidence in one’s ability to cope with adversity, know which strengths, skills and strategies to call on
  6. Connection and Reaching Out – build strong connections with others, develop comfort with asking for help, take appropriate risks, support others through difficult times.

Seven Resilience Thinking Skills

Students will learn and practice seven specific resilience skills to develop and enhance each of the core abilities and learn how to apply these skills to meet challenges, bounce back from failure and achieve one’s goals. They are:

  • ABC – Identify beliefs about an Activating Event and the Emotional and Behavioural Consequences of those beliefs
  • Avoid thinking traps – identify and correct counter-productive patterns in thinking through the use of critical questions
  • Detective Icebergs – identify deep beliefs and core values that fuel out-of-proportion emotion and evaluate the accuracy and usefulness of those beliefs
  • Calm and Focused – build emotion regulation, increase positive emotions and mental fitness
  • Challenge Beliefs – increase flexibility and accuracy in thinking about the causes of problems to improve problem solving
  • Put it in Perspective – stop worst case scenario thinking, reduce anxiety and improve problem solving by identifying the worst, best and most likely outcomes in a situation
  • Real-time Resilience – shut down counter-productive thinking to enable greater concentration and focus on the task at hand.